Spectrum Journal of Innovation, Reforms and Development provides the opportunity to the authors to publish their original research articles in Multidisciplinary field. Spectrum Journal of Innovation, Reforms and Development is an open access peer reviewed monthly journal. The journal is refereed and follows the ethics and practices of ethical open access publishing. All the manuscripts received for publication passes through extensive double blind peer review process. The journal covers the multidisciplinary areas of Engineering, Technology, Management, Sciences and Humanities. Authors can submit their original manuscripts for peer review.

Frequency of Publication: Monthly

Acceptance Notification: 45 Days

Languages: English and German

ISSN (Online): 2751-1731

JIF: 7.255

Vol. 11 (2023)

Published: 2023-01-06

BRITISH ESPIONAGE IN AFGHANISTAN IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Riskulov Shakhjakhan Narmakhamatovich, Prof. J.Kh. Ismailova

25-33

PLANT SPECIES INCLUDED IN THE “RED BOOK " OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN IN THE FLORA OF THE ZAMIN AND NUROTA STATE RESERVE

Azimova Dilnoz Ergashevna, Sharipova Mohistara Xamdam qizi, Xushnazarova Nurpari Dilshodjon qizi

34-37

THE STATE OF NEUROPEPTIDE-CYTOKINE STATUS IN ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

Khusainova Munira Alisherovna, Yarmakhammadov Usmon Kulmuxammatovich, Eshmamatova Fayyoza Boymamatovna, Shamsutdinov Asadbek Shokirovich

42-50

BIOGEOGRAPHY OF THE SPECIES OF THE EREMURUS L. SPECIES INCLUDED IN THE RED BOOK, THE SIGNIFICANCE IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY AND PROPAGATION METHODS

Ne’matova Mokhinur, Iskandarova Yulduzoy Nizamitdinovna, Shakhnoza Doniyorova, Mokhira Halkuzieva

61-78

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VARIOUS METHODS OF GUM RETRACTION IN ORTHOPEDIC DENTISTRY

Egamov Sheroz Anvarovich, Burxonova Zarafruz Qobilovna

79-83

INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF RETRACTION THREADS ON THE DEGREE OF GINGI RECESSION

Egamov Sheroz Anvarovich, Burxonova Zarafruz Qobilovna

84-86

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